Canon EF-S 10-22mm VS Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L

When buying a wide angle lens photographers are usually stuck in making a choice between these two lenses. Canon  10-22mm lens is an EF-S means it will only work with cropped sensor camera bodies that included all Rebles and 20D / 30D / 40D / 50D / 60D. On the other hand Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L is EF lens and will work with both full and cropped sensor bodies. This comparison is mainly focused on those photographers who are currently using cropped sensor camera bodies because Canon EF-S 10-22mm will not work with full frame cameras like Canon 5D, 5D Mark I II or III.

Similarities in Canon EF-S 10-22mm and Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L:

  • Both lenses are in wide angle lens category and are available on similar price
  • Both lenses have an ultra sonic motor (USM) which ensure fast and less noisy focusing on lenses
  • Both lenses use 77mm lens hood and filters

Differences in Canon EF-S 10-22mm VS Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L:

  • Canon EF-S 10-22mm works with cropped sensor camera body (APS-C) only and Canon FE 17-40mm will work with any Canon DSLR camera including the full frame camera bodies as well as cropped sensor camera bodies.
  • Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L is a L-series lens which is considered to be prestigious due to its glass and build quality.
  • Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L is bit heavier than Canon 10-22mm f3.5-4.5mm.
  • Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L comes with a hood and a filter worth around $60.


  • In cropped sensor lenses the range of lens also crops so a 10-22mm range on a cropped sensor camera body (APS-C) would actually be around 16mm-35mm on a full frame camera and the 17-40mm range would be around 27mm-54mm on a APS-C body so we would refer to these ranges while discussing these lenses because these are the actually workable ranges while using these lenses on a cropped sensor lenses.
  • If you are particularly looking for a lens that you can mostly use as an all rounder lens then you might want to get 17-40mm. I have tried both lenses with my Canon 60D camera body and while using Canon EF-S 10-22mm lens, I have noticed that I have to switch my lens more often because even 27mm (originally 17mm) is still wide enough to capture one of the best landscapes shots and you can still capture portraits with 50mm.
  • Canon EF-S 10-22mm has a solid built piece of glass however Canon 17-40mm being a red ring and L label has better build and glass quality. You can easily see the difference in optical construction quality even before taking a shot because the lens speaks for itself how precise it is.
  • Canon EF 17-40mm f4/L offers incredible sharpness and  I get almost zero barrel distortion at the widest edges and it results in more saturated images. I have also noticed that photos taken with a 10-22mm lens require post-processing or in-camera processing to churn out the soft edges.
  • If you ever consider moving on the full frame sensor camera body then you will have to get rid of your 10-22mm lens.
  • Ultra wide angle range is needed in few circumstances and unless you need a very wide range without which you can’t function properly you shouldn’t consider buying the 10-22mm lens. Canon 10-22mm EF-S gives you an extra 7mm on the wider side however if you are want an everyday multi-purpose working lens then you should consider buying a 17-40mm.

Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L

Canon EF-S 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5

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